Alliance with the Sun
This Idea (Vision) Secures Human’s Thermal Safety and Comfort.
It enables Weather and Climate Control (WCC); and Water Cycle Management (WCM). Thus, it can be PASSIVELY avoided:
Global Warming and Desertification!
Further, it enables Export of Sun Radiation (ESR), eventually it can be used as Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) Satellite.
Thus, it Secures Human’s Energy and Water Needs.
Alliance with the Sun
The Intellectual Property of this Idea (Vision) has been Protected, Copyrighted © for the Author: Arafa Radwan (Egypt), www.aradwan.com,
The official web site is: www.alliancewiththesun.com
The Scientific, Technical and Economic Content of this Idea (Vision) has been Revised and Verified in Several Universities!
Results of Verification Indicated that: It is Very Useful and Applicable!
Our Destiny is the Thermal Radiation!
Fundamental sources of Thermal Radiation are the Stars!
Sun Radiation governs ALL activities on the Planet Earth!
Sun Radiation determined where fossil fuels accumulated!
Sun Radiation determines where renewable energies can be harvested!
Sun Radiation is the determinant factor of the Weather, the Climate and the Water Cycle!
Sun Radiation discriminates where is the Equator and the Poles, where is the Deserts and the Lakes, when is the Summer and the Winter, when is the Day and the Night!
Thus, Sun Radiation governs qualitatively and quantitatively the distributions of:
plants, animals, populations, water resources, and deserts ……….. human’s activities and industries …… where and when can we live or work on the Planet Earth!
Thermal Radiation along generations determines our skin color and genetic features before birth!
Thermal Radiation governs our clothing and living style from birth to death!
Excessive Thermal Radiation represents our greatest fears and worst nightmares along our life!
Excessive Thermal Radiation is the God’s punishment to the Devils and the Evils in the Hell! … ! … ! … !
Arafa Radwan ……, the Author of this vision, Proposed that:
Reducing Sun Radiation locally, decreases Temperature, increases Relative Humidity, ………………………………… decreases Water Vaporization Rate, decreases Atmospheric Pressure, causing Winds to flow there!
Thus, Weather and Climate can be Controlled, Water Cycle can be Managed, ……………………………… Winds can be Driven, and Rains can Drop Forcibly!
Thus, we can PASSIVELY avoid:
Global Warming and Desertification!
Thus, we can improve our adaptation to Thermal Radiation!
Thus, we can improve our adaptation to Our Destiny!
The Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) was completed in early 2007. Like previous assessment reports, it consists of four reports, three of them from its working groups.
Working Group I (WGI) dealt with the "Physical Science Basis of Climate Change". The WGI Summary for Policymakers (SPM) was published on 2 February 2007 and revised on 5 February. The full WGI report was published in March 2007.
The key conclusions of the SPM were that: Warming of the climate system is unequivocal.
Most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely (>90%) due to the observed increase in anthropogenic (human) greenhouse gas concentrations.
Anthropogenic warming and sea level rise would continue for centuries due to the time-scales associated with climate processes and feedbacks, even if greenhouse gas concent-rations were to be stabilized, although the likely amount of temperature and sea level rise varies greatly depending on the fossil intensity of human activity during the next century.
The probability that this is caused by natural climatic processes alone is less than 5%.
World temperatures could rise by between 1.1 and 6.4 °C (2.0 and 11.5 °F) during the 21st century and that:
Sea levels will probably rise by 18 to 59 centimeters (7.1–23 in).
By a confidence level >90% that there will be more frequent warm spells, heat waves, heavy rainfall.
There is a confidence level >66% that there will be an increase in droughts, tropical cyclones, and extreme high tides.
Both past and future anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions will continue to contribute to warming and sea level rise for more than a millennium.
Global atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide have increased markedly as a result of human activities since 1750 and now far exceed pre-industrial values over the past 650,000 years.
Greenpeace recommends the participants in the 2011 United Nations Climate Change Conference, held in Durban, South Africa, from 28 November to 9 December 2011 to:
Ensure a peak in global emissions by 2015.
Emission reductions: Close the gap between politics and science.
Ensure that the Kyoto Protocol continues and provide a mandate for a comprehensive legally binding instrument.
Deliver the necessary climate finance.
Set up a framework for protecting forests in developing countries.
Greenpeace recommends the participants in the 2011 United Nations Climate Change Conference, held in Durban, South Africa, from 28 November to 9 December 2011, also to:
Address the needs of the most vulnerable countries and communities.
Ensure global cooperation on technology and energy finance.
Ensure international transparency in assessing and monitoring country commitments and actions.
Ensure transparency, democracy and full participation in the UNFCCC process ENDS.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned in November 2011 that extreme weather will strike as climate change takes hold. Heavier rainfall, storms and droughts can cost billions and destroy lives. Estimates suggest that every dollar invested in adaptation to climate change could save $60 in damages.
Experts have warned that the climate change may increase the number of global climate refugees from 150 million in 2008 to 800 million in future. International agreement of refugees does not recognize the climate change refugees.
In the 2011 United Nations Climate Change Conference, held in Durban, South Africa, from 28 November to 9 December 2011, it was suggested that: Governments can also ramp up funding towards the 100 billion USD of long-term climate finance they have already
agreed to provide by 2020 and need to work out the “what” and the “how” for a review agreed in Cancun that will assess the adequacy of a below 2 degrees Celsius temperature limit, including in relation to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The screen segments in its first phase may be manufactured from any Opaque Substance.
The Author proposes using Special Foam to fill cells of a net, supported on a segment frame.
The Resulted Screening Effect will not be a shadow of sharp edges.
Similar shadow can be observed on the surface of the Planet (Earth) due to distant bodies, such as the Moon, in the Sun Eclipse.
There are Two Reasons for the non-sharpness of the resulted shadow:
1. The Source of light, i.e. the Star (Sun), is not a point Source, rather it has a volume that is even (110 times) larger than the Planet (Earth) itself.
2. The phenomena of light scattering.
Similar non sharp shadow may also result due to close bodies, such as Airplanes.
The expected shadowing effect on earth will be just like a cloudy day, with a reduced temperature. Similarly at cities.
In a further phase, one side of the screen segments may be planted by Light Mirrors to reflect Sun Radiation to a desired direction.
Thus, Exported Sun Radiation will be simply a byproduct!
In an Eventual Phase, the other side of the screen segments may be planted by Solar Cells to Harvest Solar Power that will be simply a second byproduct!
The Harvested Energy may be Transmitted to the surface of the Planet (Earth) via various Wireless Power Transmission Means, e.g. Laser, Microwave or other Rays or Ways!
The Idle (Default, Fail-Safe) Situation of the Screen Sectors is to be designated by the Position 0.
In this Situation the screening effect is completely absent, i.e. the whole Sun Radiation passes through the screen space system as if
“it does not exist at all”.
The Working Situations of the Screen Sectors may be one of two Situations, the first Working Situation is to be designated by the Position -1, and is called the Reflecting Situation.
In this Reflecting Situation the screening effect is completely achieved via the side of the screen sectors planted by Mirrors.
Thus, the whole local Sun Radiation is to be reflected away from the targeted zone.
The Reflected Sun Radiation may be Re-Exported to other zones on the Surface of the Planet (Earth), or may be just Reflected Away.
The other Working Situation of the Screen Sectors may be the Second Working Situation, which is to be designated by the Position +1, and is called the Absorbing Situation.
In this Absorbing Situation the screening effect is completely achieved via the side of the screen sectors planted by Solar Cells, i.e. the whole local Sun Radiation is absorbed (hunted) along its way to the targeted zone.
The Harvested Energy of the Sun Radiation may be Transmitted to the surface of the Earth via various Wireless Power Transmission Means, e.g. Laser, Microwave or other Rays or Ways.
Thus, the screen sectors may have Three Positions: 0, -1, +1
The screen as a whole may be Tilted to control its Shadowing Effect, to redirect the Reflected Sun Radiation to a certain desired zone, or to hunt Solar Power.
Furthermore, the Whole Space Screen System may be Moved via the Jet Effect to any desired position in the space with no resistance from the medium, since in the space there is no medium.
Limitations to movement of the Space Screen System will be caused by Inertia of the Space Screen System itself and Gravitational Forces from adjacent bodies, especially the Planet (Earth), this may be minimized if the screen position in space is kept at or beyond the Geostationary Surface.
The Geostationary Surface of a Planet is determined according to the criteria of the Minimum Resultant Force, or acceleration, acting on a point mass (e.g. satellite) rotating at the same angular velocity of that Planet.
The Proposed Project Feasibility is incomparable to the Classical American Project Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) Satellites, which was proposed in the 1970s.
Since: The New Proposed Project even in its First Phase enables both Weather and Climate Control (WCC); and Water Cycle Management (WCM).
Without any need at all for Solar Cells or Power Transmission Means. In spite of this, the New Project in its First Phase radically Solves both Global Warming and Desertification Problems.
In the Second Phase, the Newly Proposed Project enables Reflecting Sun Radiation via Mirrors, which should be light in weight and easy to transport and install in space, to Export Sun Radiation (ESR).
Thus, this Phase additionally Increases the Feasibility of the New Project.
The Classical Project of the Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) Satellites which involves [Heavy] Solar Cells and [Immature] Wireless Power Transmission Means Can be the Eventual Phase of the New Project Development, ….…. and can be Applied Gradually, and Financed Internally from incomes of the Newly Proposed Project.
Rocket Launching From the Arabian Aerospace Station in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). From a newly established Aerospace Agency in the North Central Zone.
Targeted Zone: City of Doha (132 sq. km), the Capital of the State of Qatar, where will be hosted FIFA Cup 2022, and where 80% of the nation population live, is expected to elapse about 8 years.
Project Duration 2012 - 2020: Including: A Preparatory 2 years Stage, Prototype Building, Testing and Evaluation 2 years, System Building and Installation 3 years, Initial Testing and Quality Control 1 year.
The cost of the Space System is Mainly composed of: Launching and Installation: 8 Trips X $ 250 Million USD; Screen Material: $ 3 USD/ sq. m; Screen Control Systems: $ 104 Million USD, i.e. Total: 8 x 250 + 132 x 3 + 104 = $ 2.5 Billion USD.
The Running Costs will be Practically Negligible.
This cost is considered very suitable for such Infrastructural Projects. Qatar has committed over $ 100 Billion USD for the event, among them 4 on the stadium, 36 on the Infrastructure and balance on others.
1.6 Million Individuals are living in Qatar’s Capital City, i.e. Doha.
The annual home’s air conditioning bill, there, represents
about 60-80%, of the average Homes’ Power Bill.
This was 15.6 Billion kWh in 2011 = $ 1.2 Billion USD.
Thus, Air Conditioning bill cost was $ 0.9 Billion USD in 2011.
The cost factor per Capita to solve this chronic climatic problem
There, is just $ 10 USD monthly. Compared to $ 46 USD per Capita
Paid monthly now, for Air Conditioning.
The Screen may be used above the Lake of Nasser, southern city of Aswan in Upper Egypt (Northern Sudan) to reduce the Water Vaporization Rates there.
Rocket Launching From the African Aerospace Station along the axis of Egypt, Libya, Algeria. From a newly established Aerospace Agency in the Great African Sahara.
The current average temperature in city of Aswan is 40 °C in summer and 24 °C in winter and the annual freshwater share of Egypt is 55 Billion cubic meters.
At the same time the current vaporization rate from the Lake of Nasser is estimated to be 10 – 16 Billion cubic meters annually: Winter – 12%, Spring – 22%, Summer – 42%, Autumn – 24%, According to several estimations, This amounts are corresponding to 20 –30% of the share of Egypt, and represent 6 - 11% of the Average Lake Water Content.
According to the Scientific Observations the reduction of the surrounding Air Temperature by 10 °C would result in Reduction of the Water Vaporization Rate To half its initial value.
Application of the screen to this zone, Along the year except for the winter, is expected to transform the climate there into the Continuous Winter Climate.
The average Temperature in the city of Aswan is expected to be 26 °C along the whole year.
Then, The expected Water Vaporization Rate from the Lake Is estimated to be 5 – 8 Billion cubic meters Annually, i.e. 56% from its original value. Thus, increasing 10 – 15% of Egypt share, by saving 3 – 6% of The Average Lake Water Content.
The expected Project Duration 2014-2030, including: A preparatory 3 years stage, Prototype building, testing & Evaluation 3 years, System Building & Installation 8 years, Initial testing and Quality Control 2 years.
The application of such screen may be Accompanied by some changes in the Surrounding biological environment there; A great attention should be paid to the Propagation of the locust insects there!!!!!!
The Cost of this Giant Screen, 600 km in diameter, is currently, 2011, about $ 10 Billion USD, Inflatable to $ 30 Billion USD, till Project Inauguration At 2030 This is Annually,$ 2 Billion USD, Approximately.
This is the same cost if the High Dam in Aswan was to be constructed nowadays.
N.B. The Project of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam would cost about $ 5 Billion USD, along 4 years for construction.
This Giant Screen will work as A screen along the whole year, Except for the winter season. In its Idle (winter) Season, It may work as: A Giant Reflecting Mirror. This Giant Reflecting Mirror will: Export Sun Radiation (ESR), Mainly in Winter. In its Raw Form of Energy to Cold, or Snowy, North Countries to create, at huge cities: “Continuous Spring Oases”, and to Supply Power, Heat and Hot Water, there.
This Giant Screen will Rotate and Tilt to keep continuous Sun Radiation Reflection to the Targeted Area on the Surface of the Earth.
The targeted zone will be illuminated and warmed.
This continuous Sun Radiation Reflection may extend also along the night, but thus, it may cause a lot of problems to the natural Biological Clock of Human, Animals and Plants.
To Avoid this Problem, and to keep the targeted area warm even by Night, Thermal Radiation Barrier may be applied to surround the targeted Area with a limited thickness.
This thermal Barrier can be of normal Sun Radiation Intensity or even of concentrated Sun Radiation Intensity limited only to the Barriers zone.
This Giant Screen may work as a Giant Reflecting Mirror, at the Spring and Autumn Seasons to extend the Summer Weather Period and in turn extend the touristy and business seasons at the targeted beach zones.
Due to cold and unstable weather of the Last Summer Season (2011) in Crimea – Ukraine, the Touristy Season Period there was practically limited to 50 Days.
The Normal Touristy Season Period is 70 Days, and can be extended by warming effect to over 120 Days.
Another Giant Screen may work as Local Rain Generator via Forcibly Condensing Rains. Over a Huge Flexible Rain Collector, which also Works as a Reservoir and a Shipping Platform, Located in the Open Arabian Sea, to guarantee Cheap and Continuous Freshwater Supplies.
The Global Warming Problem is eventually
a problem of Heat (Energy) Balance of the
Planet System (i.e. Planet Earth Ecological
System) which can be summarized into
The Following Formula:
∆Q (0) = REin (1) – REout (2)
+ GH [NP (3) + AP (4)] Thus:
∆Q: The increase of the Planet thermal content (and in turn its temperature): Term No. 0
REin: The input Radiation Energy to the Planet System from the Surrounding Stars, i.e. from the Sun Start to the Planet Earth: Term No. 1. Minus –
REout: The output Radiation Energy from the Planet System to the Surrounding Environment, i.e. from the Planet Earth to the Surrounding Near Space: Term No. 2 Plus +
GHNP: The net added Generated Heat within the Planet System itself due to the Natural Processes: Term No. 3 and (+)
GHAP: The net added Generated Heat within the Planet System itself due to the Anthropogenic Processes: Term No. 4.
0. ∆Q: the 0th Term, i.e. The increase of the Planet Thermal content (and in
Turn its temperature) simply means the Global Warming.
This Term Should Equal Zero in order to keep the current average temperature of the Planet.
Furthermore, if This Value Becomes Negative, then the Planet Global Average Temperature Will Decrease, In turn reversing those negative effects, resulted from accumulated Global Warming effects in the recent decades or even centuries.
1. Increasing the 1st Term, i.e. REin: the input Radiation Energy To the Planet System from the Surrounding Stars, i.e. from the Sun Star to the Planet Earth:
May be carried out by the proposed screen system when using reflecting mirrors to reflect the Sun Radiation towards targeted zones on the surface of the Planet (Earth); or by: Using various means to absorb the Sun Radiation Energy, including Solar Cells as in the Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) Satellites, and transmitting the harvested energy or power to the Planet (Earth) System.
…1. Decreasing the 1st Term, i.e. REin: the input Radiation Energy To the Planet System from the Surrounding Stars, i.e. from the Sun Star to the Planet Earth:
May be carried out by the proposed screen system when using reflecting mirrors to reflect the Sun Radiation without re-exporting it to any other zone on the surface of the Planet (Earth), i.e. just reflect it away; or by: Using various means to absorb the Sun Radiation Energy, including Solar Cells as in the Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) Satellites, without transmitting the harvested energy or power to the Planet (Earth) System.
2. Increasing or Decreasing The 2nd Term, i.e. REout: The output Radiation Energy
From the Planet System to the Surrounding Environment, i.e. From the Planet Earth to the Surrounding Near Space: May be simply an Impossible Mission, since, it is governed by the Laws of Mutual Thermal Radiation between the Planet System and its Surrounding Environment, i.e. it is automatically governed by their (absolute) temperatures.
3. Increasing or Decreasing The 3rd Term, i.e. GHNP: The net added Generated Heat Within the Planet System itself Due to Natural Processes May be beyond the scope of the Mankind Abilities, at least by the Currently Available Technologies.
Those Related Natural Processes include: Volcanoes, Forests Fires, Natural Decomposition of Dead Biomass …etc.
4. Increasing or Decreasing The 4th Term, i.e. GHAP: The net added Generated Heat
Within the Planet System itself Due to Anthropogenic Processes.
Those Related Anthropogenic Processes may include: Burning of Fossil Fuels; Burning of Garbage and Agricultural Wastes; Breeding Livestock and Poultry; Industrial Activities ………... They may also include: Industrial Activities; Transportation Means; Various Types of: Power Generation Plants ……….... They may also include: Water Heating Plants, Cooling Towers, Refrigerators, Air Conditioning Systems ….. etc.
These Anthropogenic Processes may be within the scope of the mankind control abilities, provided existence of sincere and effective international collaboration among public rulers and private managers of related causes, sources, and responsible activities, industries and countries for those effects causing increase this 4th Term.
All past efforts were directed to research and reduce this 4th Term via determination of causes, sources, and responsible parties or activities, industries and countries for effects causing increase of this 4th Term. Although, a lot of conferences, treaties, campaigns, organizations … etc. called for observation and control of those effects, but results of this past international collaboration are Really Shameful, especially from those parties which are responsible for the majority of these effects.
This currently proposed system crossed over this dilemma by concentrating on the 1st term and not on the 4th term, i.e. on the input Radiation Energy to the Planet (Eco-) System from the Surrounding Stars, i.e. from the Sun Star to the Planet Earth, not on the net added Generated Heat within the Planet (Eco-) System itself due to Anthropogenic Processes. Gradually decreasing this 1st Term on the Global Level, i.e. REin: the input Radiation Energy to the Planet System from the Surrounding Stars, i.e. from the Sun Star to the Planet Earth, may cause reversing the negative effects, resulted from the accumulated Global Warming effects in the recent decades or even centuries.
Furthermore, this 1st Term, i.e. REin: the input Radiation Energy to the Planet System from the Surrounding Stars, i.e. from the Sun Star to the Planet Earth, can be increased or decreased via the proposed screen system either globally or locally.
In fact the increase or decrease of the local input Sun Radiation Energy to the surface of the Planet (Earth) is much more needed and much more valuable. This importance and urgency is justified by the statistical fact that “Above 75% of the Current Non-Productive Energy Consumption is directed to Warm Cold Zones or to Cool Hot Zones to provide suitable or comfortable thermal conditions for the human beings”.
This is a clear evidence of the
<< talent and intelligence >>
of the whole mankind! … ! … !
The proposed solution for Weather and Climate Control (WCC) and Export of Sun Radiation (ESR) simply solves this chronic problem, i.e. Global Warming, by intelligently redistributing the excess Sun Radiation from Hot Zones on the Surface of the Planet (Earth) into those Cold Zones, where there is a shortage and need for Sun Radiation. Thus, simultaneously Cooling the Hot Zones and intelligently Warming the Cold Zones, without continuous or intermittent supply or consumption of any energy or power!...!...!
The only required cost elements will be the initial expenses for manufacturing, transportation, installation of the proposed system, whereas the running costs for continuous reorientation of the screening cells or the reflecting mirrors (cells ) using insignificant power, since the whole system will be located at or beyond the geostationary surface in the space, i.e. nearly weightless system in a nonresistant space medium.
The two previous expressions “Intelligently redistributing the excess Sun Radiation” and “Intelligently Warming the Cold Zones” are indicating to the need of critical, decisive, and in turn central and unified, i.e. exclusive, control of this system or project.
The reason, on the Global Level, for such condition is to keep the overall value of the entering Sun Radiation Energy at its current average value to keep the current average global thermal conditions.
Also, to enable the possibility to reduce, reasonably and gradually, this overall value of the entering Sun Radiation Energy, in order to reverse the negative effects, resulted from the accumulated Global Warming effects in the recent decades or centuries.
As a general ecological rule, human ecological interference should be applied only, when necessary!, where needed!, and this interference should be minimal in level!, period!, zone!, via fail-safe!, and clean! Technologies as much as possible!
The capacity to locally control this climatically determinant factor, i.e. the Sun Radiation, Either by increasing or decreasing it, will enable introducing many new possibilities in so many fields on the local levels. For example, those new concepts and applications may be introduced, for the 1st time:
Sun (Radiation) Dose (Control);
Sun (Radiation) Ironing or Deep Freezing;
Sun (Radiation) Decontamination for Contaminated Zones;
Sun (Radiation) Sterilization for Infected Zones;
Sun (Radiation) Epidemic Control;
Sun (Radiation) (Locust) Insects Siege;
Sun (Illumination) on Disaster Zones;
Sun (Warming) of Disaster Zones;
Forest Fires Extinguishing by Forced Raining;
Touristy Season Extension;
Populations Demographic Redistribution;
Climatic Camps for Environmental Refugees;
Climatic Oases; … and many others.
Creation of the proposed Climatic Oases in Hot Zones by creating Cold Oases will be constrained mainly by the cost factors, although emphasizing this trend will provide opportunities to trade the related Sun Radiation share to interested buyers, to improve the local meteorological parameters there which will benefit residents there, and may resist desertification and improve the agricultural and irrigation conditions and cropping mix there. Thus, the ecological system will benefit from those Climatic Oases on both local and global levels, in addition to reducing the Air Conditioning effects, and in turn expenses … etc.
Creation of the proposed Climatic Oases in Cold Zones by creating Warm Oases should be limited to huge civil centers, i.e. cities or towns, not to cities’ adjacent areas or separate villages In order to preserve the current Thermal, Heat, or Infrared Distribution Patterns and in turn minimalizing accompanying ecological impacts.
Thus, the ecological system background or the surrounding environment will not be affected, and in turn preserved in the same current situation. But, at the same time consumption of Energy resources will be radically reduced.
It should be clear that the current satellite thermal maps, either for Hot Zones or for Cold Zones, indicate that cities always represent points for generating and radiating thermal radiation. This is logically justified by the fact, that air conditioning and human activities are intensified there. Thus, the proposed solution (or system) will not affect the present thermal distribution patterns, but at least will enable achieving and preserving them via a more intelligent, effective and cheaper method, excluding the majority of the currently consumed resources and also excluding the majority of the currently polluting sources.
The People of north cold or snowy countries may benefit from this proposed Project, since it can SIMULTANEOUSLY create Warm Oases at huge populated cities, and leave the adjacent areas and villages in their original cold or snowy state.
Furthermore, the proposed Project, at the same time, can even reduce Sun Radiation arriving to those adjacent areas and villages to guarantee creation of snow, whenever it is needed, mainly for agricultural purposes, especially for winter wheat crops, or for irrigation or logistics purposes.
A great advantage of the proposed screen is that it can carry out local control to the level of each individual screen cell. Thus, each screen cell can be individually Idle, i.e. in its Default or Fail-Safe State, work as individual Solar Cell to harvest Sun Radiation, or work as Individual Mirror Cell that can be individually, continuously and automatically re-oriented to a certain point on the surface of the Planet (Earth).
The East European zone suffered from two successive Global Warming effects, within 18 months, that could be minimalized if the screen were available, by that time, there.
The hot weather of the 2010 summer season caused loss of over one third of the wheat crops, especially in Russia and Ukraine.
This meant loss of billions of dollars, and caused jump in wheat price, due to deficit of offer, resulted from the Russian decision to suspend related exports in 2010 - 2011.
The second event is taking place in the current winter season of 2011 - 2012 where the warm winter weather is expected to cause again huge losses of the wheat crops due to delay and instability of snowing, especially in Russia and Ukraine, this may mean a loss of billions of dollars for the second time due the hot or warm weather within 18 months.
Fortunately, Some Comparative Advantages are available for the Russian-Ukrainian Aerospace Industries and Scientists.
Since, they have all the necessary qualifications and experience to manage and execute such project.
In addition to the fact, that their aerospace industries have relatively more stable and reliable performance.
Especially, in Heavy Space Crafts, which will be extensively needed for transportation of such screen that can be considered as a First Mechanical Satellite or First Industrial Satellite.
The recent (2011) disastrous catastrophe of Fukushima - Japan was the direct reason, that caused many nations to re-evaluate their future nuclear strategies, till now Japan and Germany.
Fortunately, both countries have the efficient scientific-technical basis, that enable them to manage all phases of the proposed project.
Many other developing countries; e.g. S. Korea, India, Pakistan, Turkey, Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, KSA, UAE, Qatar, and many others; may contribute in developing, manufacturing, managing many aspects in the proposed project.
Australia and the former Soviet Union countries may contribute and benefit a lot from this project.
The European Union Counties and Canada may benefit a lot from the proposed project, especially from Export of Sun Radiation (ESR) and Space-Based Solar Power (SBSP) Satellites.
The USA and China may benefit a lot from all Products and Services of the proposed project, since they are the two Greatest Energy Consumers.
All those recent countries, have sound scientific-technical basis and stable progressive economies.
Thus, their contribution or benefit from this project is:
A Strategic Political Economic Environmental Decision, that Could Save Our Planet Earth!!!
The Controversial Opinions about the Right of the Mankind in Ecologically Re-engineering his Surrounding Environment may be discussed from several approaches, as follows:
1. The First Approach will consider the mankind as a part of the environment itself, thus this mankind has the Same Equal Right to ecologically re-engineering his surrounding environment, just as any bird builds its nest and just as the ants or bees build their cells.
All those actions are in fact ecological re-engineering of the surrounding environments carried out by those species to modify their surrounding environments to Suit Them Better.
2. The Second Approach will consider the mankind as a load on the environment, i.e. as an intruder to that environment, thus this mankind is practically using and consuming the
available sources and resources of his surrounding environment as a Governor or Owner of that environment to ecologically re-engineering this surrounding environment to suit him better.
In fact, the majority of the Religions and Beliefs supports this approach by considering the Mankind as the Lonely Successor of the God on the Planet Earth.
……….. 2. The Practical Fact that the mankind is Currently Performing Harmful Anthropogenic Processes and Activities which are causing Negative Ecological Impacts on his
surrounding environment, is directly leading to support application of the proposed system which will, at least, carry out the Same Current Functions.
But, with Excluding the majority of the currently consumed resources and also Excluding the majority of the currently polluting sources.
3. The Third and Final Approach will consider the Rude Practical Facts, i.e. what are the Other Currently Available Alternatives.
Till this moment the mankind is performing harmful Anthropogenic Processes and Activities which are causing Negative Ecological Impacts on his surrounding environment and previously there were No Other Available Alternatives!!!
Fortunately, from this moment, application of the proposed system will carry out the Same Current Functions, but with excluding the majority of the currently consumed resources and also excluding the majority of the currently polluting sources.
This Film was Produced and Directed in the National Technical University “Kharkov Polytechnic Institute” Kharkov, Ukraine
The Film is presented from: Department of “Labor and Environment Protection” and from: Department of “Multimedia Information Technologies and Systems” To the Author of this New Ecological Vision to Deal with the Sun Radiation Eng. Arafa Radwan
Film Scenario and Vision: Arafa Radwan
Film 3D-artist, animation: Alex Safonov
Film Director: Yegor Okunev
All Rights Reserved
A Link in the YouTube Description Below, includes details of:
Time Based Film Contents, Audio Sources, External Video Sources, Files of the Complete Film Text in English, and in Other Available Languages, Link to Google Translation into any Language.
The Author encourages viewers on YouTube to vote to the Project, by pressing the "Like" button below, only if they feel convinced by the Project.
Project Fans have a Crucial Role to Mobilize Media and Public Support for the Project. They can help in the Current Stage by Professionally Translating this Film Text, available at the link on the description below, into their Mother Tongues. Thus, Several Film Versions can be Published, Especially in: Chinese, French, German, Hindi, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish … etc.
The Author Emphasizes on the Importance of: Criticisms, Comments, Recommendations, Suggestions … etc. (in any language) for Improvement and Development of the Proposed Project.
All those opinions will be carefully Studied and Discussed by the Author himself, Especially those sent by Ecologists, Scientists, Engineers, and Economists. Special care will be directed to Negative Criticisms. That’s why, writers of those Negative Criticisms are urged to Send their Criticisms Directly to the Author via Email. Thus, the Author can Reply and Discuss them.
Another (Safety) Project presented by the Same Author is: The Universal Numbers ©® : http://www.universalno.com/
Securing human informational safety upon dealing with others, with products, services, legislations, decisions etc. by solving the Problem of Identification and reducing misidentification, plagiarism, forgery, negligence, mistake possibilities, … Via Introducing Three Universal Numbers:
1st for Persons, either Natural or Judicial, 2nd for Products or Services, 3rd for Public Legislations, Decisions or Private Contracts, Delegations.
Replacing Names (Titles), which may be miswritten, misheard, mistranslated by Universal Numbers, maximally employing Arabic Numbers radically solves this problem forever.
As a result of misidentifications or mistakes billions of dollars are lost or paid as damages' compensations.
Typical examples of this problem are observed in the Pharmacy and Ecommerce fields.
The Author reduced and merged frequently used numbers into minimal with Fourteen Attached Profiles.
Furthermore, the proposed system considers possibility of Dispensing Need to hold any physical cards or documents.
The Presented Project deals with fundamental human needs, i.e. Informational Security and in turn physical, social and psychological safety.
Thanks for your Help and Support and, Best Regards,